Aeromarine and experienced aeronautical engineering firm delivered a variety of aircraft types to the American military for both civilian and military applications, including fighter float planes, mail planes, as well as night bombers, in a period that spanned from 1910 to 1924. In 1917, Aeromarine undertook a contract from the United States Navy with the design specification requiring the company to develop a new biplane twin seater trainer aircraft. The company’s facilities in Keyport, New Jersey provided the perfect grounds design and develop aircraft destined to support both water and land based operations. Meeting the USN’s design spec the company delivered an Aeromarine 39 aircraft to be used as both a water and land based pilot trainer aircraft during the wartime years up to 1918. The planes design and technology offered nothing special other than its utter reliability that allowed it to soldier on into the interwar period, but in 1922 it established its name as the first aircraft in history to land on a moving seagoing carrier ship.
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company unveiled the factory’s Model D in 1911, to present a biplane design powered by a singular Curtis E4 water-cooled piston engine developing 40 hp mounted in an unconventional pusher configuration, with conventional tricycle landing gear. The model went on to serve the United States Navy in several improved versions later appearing as three distinct models further developed as a seaplane that expanded the USN’s experience in aerial sea warfare. In 1913 the Daily Mail proposed a contest for aircraft able to cross the Atlantic Ocean, the Daily Mail posted £10,000 in prize money.
Responded by evolving a Model E variant in a much larger and more modern format, the dimensional increases were dictated by its requirements for an increased volume of fuel carried internally to cover the longer required distances for the competition; additionally it received a floating hull configuration in place of conventional landing gear to enable seaborne operations. The plane was shipped to England where John Cyril Porte a British test pilot were to flight back in its attempted transatlantic crossing, the mission was scrapped on the 28th of June 1914 after Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassination, the then ruler of Austria and Hungary, by the hand of Gavrilo Princip, a fiery Yugoslav nationalist. This ignited the war in Europe to a fully-fledged reality where after the competition was cancelled, depriving the aircraft of the chance to prove itself globally.
Curtiss went on to further develop a much beloved trainer aircraft, the Jenny JN4 as expected of a trainer arrived in a twin seat configuration that was applied in an innumerable myriad of tasks in the duration of the long and distinguished operational career. Her sweet handling and personality provided most of the airmen from the USA, Canada, as well as Britain with the newbie pilots’ first sense of powered flight, going on to teach them the essential details employed during aerial combat such as the basic skills of aircraft handling bombardment, gunnery, as well as proven observation tactics.